Prevalence of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women of Tertiary Care Hospital in Ahmednagar District


  • Vishangi Tailor Student
  • Dr. Deepti Thokal



pelvic girdle pain, pregnant women, rural population, pelvic girdle questionnaire, women’s health, ANC


ABSTRACT: - To find out the prevalence of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women and the corresponding severity of the condition.


 METHODOLOGY: - This is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in the obstetrics and gynecology department at Dr. Vitthalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s Hospital. A total of 35 pregnant women participated in the study from a period of December to May. 


RESULT: - A total of 35 pregnant women participated in the study in the time of 6 months (December to May). The gestational ages of the pregnant women were 6 to 9 months. The overall cumulative prevalence of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women visiting tertiary care hospitals (Dr. Vitthalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s Hospital) is 24.4% with 95% CI (21.95–26.90). There was no significant difference between the incidence of PGP in the second and third trimester pregnant ladies.


CONCLUSION: - PGP is the major problem concerning women’s morbidity and thus this needs the concern of the health care worker. PGP is also prevalent in the rural population of India. Therefore, proper ANC treatment should be provided and PGP should not be neglected as a health concern.



Gashaw M, Gedlu S, Janakiraman B. Burden of pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy among women attending the ante-natal clinic, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2020 Dec;20(1):1-1.

Olsén MF, Körnung P, Kallin S, Elden H, Wendt GK, Gutke A. Validation of self-administered tests for screening for chronic pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2021 Dec;22(1):1-8.

Wuytack F, Begley C, Daly D. Risk factors for pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain: a scoping review. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2020 Dec;20(1):1-4.

Stuge B, Garratt A, Krogstad Jenssen H, Grotle M. The pelvic girdle questionnaire: a condition-specific instrument for assessing activity limitations and symptoms in people with pelvic girdle pain. Physical therapy. 2011 Jul 1;91(7):1096-108.

Acharya RS, Tveter AT, Grotle M, Eberhard-Gran M, Stuge B. Prevalence and severity of low back and pelvic girdle pain in pregnant Nepalese women. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2019 Dec;19(1):1-1.

Walters C, West S, Nippita TA. Pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy. Australian Journal of general practice. 2018 Jul;47(7):439.

Girard MP, O’Shaughnessy J, Doucet C, Lardon E, Stuge B, Ruchat SM, Descarreaux M. Validation of the French-Canadian pelvic girdle questionnaire. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics. 2018 Mar 1;41(3):234-41.

Ceprnja D, Chipchase L, Gupta A. Prevalence of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain and associated factors in Australia: a cross-sectional study protocol. BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 1;7(11).

Rejano-Campo M, Ferrer-Peña R, Urraca-Gesto MA, Gallego-Izquierdo T, Pecos-Martín D, Stuge B, Plaza-Manzano G. Transcultural adaptation and psychometric validation of a Spanish-language version of the “Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire”. Health and quality of life outcomes. 2017 Jan;15(1):1-9.

Pierce H, Homer CS, Dahlen HG, King J. Pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain: listening to Australian women. Nursing research and practice. 2012 Jan 1;2012.

Vleeming A, Albert HB, Östgaard HC, Sturesson B, Stuge B. European guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain. European Spine Journal. 2008 Jun;17(6):794-819.

Albert HB, Godskesen M, Korsholm L, Westergaard JG. Risk factors in developing pregnancy?related pelvic girdle pain. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. 2006 May;85(5):539-44.

Van De Pol G, Van Brummen HJ, Bruinse HW, Heintz AP, Van Der Vaart CH. Pregnancy?related pelvic girdle pain in the Netherlands. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. 2007 Apr;86(4):416-22.

Clarkson CE, Adams N. A qualitative exploration of the views and experiences of women with Pregnancy related Pelvic Girdle Pain. Physiotherapy. 2018 Sep 1;104(3):338-46.

Grotle M, Garratt AM, Krogstad Jenssen H, Stuge B. Reliability and construct validity of self-report questionnaires for patients with pelvic girdle pain. Physical therapy. 2012 Jan 1;92(1):111-23.

de Luna Fagundes FM, Cabral CM. Cross-cultural adaptation of the Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) into Brazilian Portuguese and clinimetric testing of the PGQ and Roland Morris questionnaire in pregnancy pelvic pain. Brazilian journal of physical therapy. 2019 Mar 1;23(2):132-9.

Aldabe D, Ribeiro DC, Milosavljevic S, Bussey MD. Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain and its relationship with relaxin levels during pregnancy: a systematic review. European Spine Journal. 2012 Sep;21(9):1769-76.

Robinson PS, Balasundaram AP, Vøllestad NK, Robinson HS. The association between pregnancy, pelvic girdle pain and health-related quality of life–a comparison of two instruments. Journal of patient-reported outcomes. 2018 Dec;2(1):1-9.

Gutke A, Boissonnault J, Brook G, Stuge B. The severity and impact of pelvic girdle pain and low-back pain in pregnancy: a multinational study. Journal of women's health. 2018 Apr 1;27(4):510-7.


Malmqvist S, Kjaermann I, Andersen K, Økland I, Larsen JP, Brønnick K. The association between pelvic girdle pain and sick leave during pregnancy; a retrospective study of a Norwegian population. BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2015 Dec;15(1):1-8.

Etiology and prognosis of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain; design of a longitudinal study Janneke M Bastiaanssen*1, Rob A de Bie1, Caroline HG Bastiaenen1, Annie Heuts2, Mariëlle EAL Kroese3, Gerard GM Essed4 and Piet A van den Brandt

Wuytack F, O’Donovan M. Outcomes and outcomes measurements used in intervention studies of pelvic girdle pain and lumbopelvic pain: a systematic review. Chiropractic & manual therapies. 2019 Dec;27(1):1-3.

Mogren IM. BMI, pain and hyper-mobility are determinants of long-term outcome for women with low back pain and pelvic pain during pregnancy. European spine journal. 2006 Jul;15(7):1093-102.

Kovacs FM, Garcia E, Royuela A, González L, Abraira V, Spanish Back Pain Research Network. Prevalence and factors associated with low back pain and pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy: a multicenter study conducted in the Spanish National Health Service. Spine. 2012 Aug 1;37(17):1516-33.

Jukic AM, Baird DD, Weinberg CR, McConnaughey DR, Wilcox AJ. Length of human pregnancy and contributors to its natural variation. Human reproduction. 2013 Oct 1;28(10):2848-55.

‘Good health means being mentally, socially, emotionally and physically fit’: women’s understanding of health and ill health during and after pregnancy in India and Pakistan: a qualitative study Mary McCauley ,1 Ayesha Rasheeda Avais,2 Ritu Agrawal,3 Shumaila Saleem,2




How to Cite

Tailor, V., & Thokal, D. D. . (2021). Prevalence of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women of Tertiary Care Hospital in Ahmednagar District. VIMS JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY, 3(1), 54–60.



Original Article