Influence of low, medium and high BMI on hand grip strength among community dwelling elderly population


  • Bhakti Gorhe DVVPF's college of Physiotherapy
  • Dr. Shyam Ganvir(PT)



Body mass index, Hand grip strength, Community dwelling elderly population


ABSTRACT: - Aim of the study is to find out the influence of low, medium and high body mass index on hand grip strength among community dwelling elderly population.

Methodology: - This was an observational cross-sectional study performed on 30 community dwelling elderly population with age groups 60 and above 60. Out of total 30 participants 8 were having low BMI, 9 were having medium BMI and 13 were having high BMI. BMI was calculated by taking weight (in kg) by using weighing machine and height in (meters). Hand grip strength was measured by using hand held (JAMER) dynamometer.

Result: - Data has summarized by using descriptive statistic of mean and standard deviation.

Then Pearson correlation test was used to measure relation between hand grip strength and BMI.ANOVA technique was used for multiple group comparison by using graph pad software. By using Pearson corelation we got the result that there is positive corelation between High BMI with HGS and negative corelation between HGS with low and medium BMI. By using one-way ANOVA test we got (p value>0.05) which is non-significant. One way ANOVA shows comparison of hand grip strength of low, medium and high BMI and it is like H>M>L for both dominant and non-dominant.

CONCLUSION: - Our study concludes from the above result that there is corelation between Hand grip strength and body mass index.


Liao KH. Hand grip strength in low, medium, and high body mass index males and females. Middle East Journal of Rehabilitation and Health. 2016 Jan;3(1).

Stenholm S, Sallinen J, Koster A, Rantanen T, Sainio P, Heliövaara M, Koskinen S. Association between obesity history and hand grip strength in older adults—exploring the roles of inflammation and insulin resistance as mediating factors. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2011 Mar 1;66(3):341-8.

Lad UP, Satyanarayana P, Shisode-Lad S, Siri CC, Kumari NR. A study on the correlation between the body mass index (BMI), the body fat percentage, the handgrip strength and the handgrip endurance in underweight, normal weight and overweight adolescents. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2013 Jan;7(1):51.

Sallinen J, Stenholm S, Rantanen T, Heliövaara M, Sainio P, Koskinen S. Hand?grip strength cut points to screen older persons at risk for mobility limitation. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2010 Sep;58(9):1721-6.

Tak YJ, Lee JG, Yi YH, Kim YJ, Lee S, Cho BM, Cho YH. Association of handgrip strength with dietary intake in the Korean population: findings based on the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-1), 2016. Nutrients. 2018 Sep;10(9):1180.

Kim H, Kwon O. Higher diet quality is associated with lower odds of low hand grip strength in the Korean elderly population. Nutrients. 2019 Jul;11(7):1487.




How to Cite

Gorhe, B., & Ganvir(PT), D. S. (2021). Influence of low, medium and high BMI on hand grip strength among community dwelling elderly population. VIMS JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY, 3(2), 78–82.



Original Article