Prevalence of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders In Small Scale Industrial Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors

  • Nilesh Dond MPT student
  • Deepak Anap Prof. & HOD Department of Musculoskeletal sciences.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46858.VIMSJPT.2207

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Background: Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) are the most common in industries which affects working capacity and frequency of leaves taken.  This study was aimed to find out the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in small scale industrial workers.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 42 workers (Male: 21; Female:21), having age more than 18 years , from two small scale industries in MIDC area of Ahmednagar. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire composed of demographic questions, Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire for Work-related MSDs assessment in nine body areas. The prevalence of Work-related MSDs for each body region was determined using percentage.

Result: Respondents' mean age was 30.77 years (mean ± SD = 7). The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 21.81 kg/m2 ( ± 3.74), and the average work experience was (2.25 years). Among 42 respondents, 29 reported lower back pain (69.04%) and 31 reported neck pain (73.80%), out of 42 participants, 22 reported upper back pain (52.38%).

Conclusion: The study found that the prevalence was higher in the neck (73.80%), lower back (69.04%) and upper back (52.38%) were the most affected areas among small scale industrial workers.

Key Words: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, Body mass index, Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire, pain.

Keywords:

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, Body mass index, Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire, pain

References

Reference :

Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M, et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet. 2013; 380(9859):2163-96.

Hoy D, March L, Brooks P, Blyth F, Woolf A, Bain C, et al. The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. Annals of the rheumatic diseases. 2014; 73(6):968-74.

Hossain MD, Aftab A, Al Imam MH, Mahmud I, Chowdhury IA, Kabir RI, Sarker M. Prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and ergonomic risk assessment among readymade garment workers of Bangladesh: A cross sectional study. PloS one. 2018 Jul 6;13(7):e0200122.

Bernard BP, Putz-Anderson V, Burt S. A critical review of epidemiologic evidence for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, upper extremity, and low back. Cincinnati: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health publication. 1997:97-141.

Choobineh A, Tabatabaei SH, Mokhtarzadeh A, Salehi M. Musculoskeletal problems among workers of an Iranian rubber factory. Journal of occupational health. 2007; 49(5):418-23.

Punnett L, Wegman DH. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: the epidemiologic evidence and the debate. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2004; 14(1):13-23.

Sim J, Lacey RJ, Lewis M. The impact of workplace risk factors on the occurrence of neck and upper limb pain: a general population study. BMC public health. 2006; 6(1):234.

David G, Woods V, Li G, Buckle P. The development of the Quick Exposure Check (QEC) for assessing exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Applied ergonomics. 2008; 39 (1):57-69.

MacDonald L, Karasek R, Punnett L, Scharf T. Covariation between workplace physical and psychosocial stressors: evidence and implications for occupational health research and prevention. Ergonomics. 2001; 44(7):696-718.

Nelson NA, Hughes RE. Quantifying relationships between selected work-related risk factors and back pain: a systematic review of objective biomechanical measures and cost-related health outcomes. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2009; 39(1):202-210.

WahlstroÈm J. Ergonomics, musculoskeletal disorders and computer work. Occupational Medicine. 2005; 55(3):168-176.

Thiehoff R. Economic significance of work disability caused by musculoskeletal disorders. Orthopade. 2002; 31(10):949-56.

Picavet H, Schouten J. Musculoskeletal pain in the Netherlands: prevalences, consequences and risk groups, the DMC 3-study. Pain. 2003; 102(1):167-78.

Guo H-R, Chang Y-C, Yeh W-Y, Chen C-W, Guo YL. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder among workers in Taiwan: a nationwide study. Journal of occupational health. 2004; 46(1):26-36.

Australian Safety and Compensation Council. Work-related musculoskeletal disease in Australia. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, 2006.

Haile, Eshetu Lemma, Bineyam Taye, Fatuma Hussen. Ergonomic workstations and work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the clinical laboratory. Lab Medicine2012; 43( 2):11-19.

Kuorinka I, Jonsson B, Kilbom A, Vinterberg H, Biering-Sørensen F, Andersson G, et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Applied ergonomics. 1987; 18 (3):233-7.

Anderson CK, Chaffin DB, Herrin GD. A Study of Lumbosacral Orientation under Varied Static Loads. Spine 1986:11:456-62.

Jonsson BG, Persson J, Kilbom A. Disorders of the cervicobrachial region among female workers in the electronics industry: A two-year follow-up. Int J Ind Ergon 1988;3:1-12.

Kilbom A, Horst D, Kemfert K, Richter A. Observation methods for the eduction of load and strain on the human body – A review. Abetarskyddsstyrelsen Publikation Service 1986; 171:92.

Kilbom A, Persson J. Work technique and its consequences for musculoskeletal disorders. Ergonomics 1987;30:273-9.

Kumar S., and Scaife W.G.S. A precision task, posture and strain. Journal of Safety Research 1979;11:28-36.

Snyder RG, Chaffin DB. Bioengineering study of basic physical measurements related to susceptibility to cervical hyperextension-hyperflexion: Highway safety research institute, Tech. Rep., 1975: UM-HSRI-BI-75-6.

Jorgensen k. Back muscle strength and body weight as limiting factors for work in standing slightly stooped position. Scand j rehabil med 1970;2:149-53.

Cailliet R. Shoulder pain 2nd ed. F. A. Davis; Philadelphia: 1981. p. 38-53.

Downloads

Published

2021-08-16

Issue

Section

Article

How to Cite

Dond, N., & Anap, D. B. (2021). Prevalence of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders In Small Scale Industrial Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study. VIMS JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL THERAPY, 2(2), 101-106. https://doi.org/10.46858.VIMSJPT.2207